Bering-uClibc 5.x - User Guide - IPv4 Networking - Configure 802.1Q VLANs
|IPv4 Networking - Configure 802.1Q VLANs|
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IEEE 802.1Q defines a standard for VLAN tagging. If your network switch hardware supports VLANs but does not manage routing between VLANs a Bering-uClibc 5.x router can be used to do that.
One option is to install multiple physical network connections from separate Network Interface Cards to separate switch ports, with each connection carrying the traffic for an individual VLAN.
An alternative option is to configure one switch port for "tagged" traffic for several VLANs and to use a single physical connection to carry all of the traffic, subject to any bandwidth constraints imposed by using a single physical interface.
8021q.ko.gz kernel Module is required.
This is included as standard in Bering-uClibc 5.x - listed in
/etc/modules and hence loaded at boot time.
Configuration is quite simple. In file
/etc/network/interfaces the default entry for interface eth1 looks like this:
auto eth1 iface eth1 inet static address 192.168.1.254 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255
To use tagged VLANs instead, replace those lines with something like the following:
auto eth1.123 iface eth1.123 inet static address 192.168.1.254 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 vlan_raw_device eth1
Note in particular the following:
- The interface is specified as eth1.123. The "123" is the VLAN ID.
- The vlan_raw_device configuration entry specifies which physical or "raw" interface carries this traffic.
Additional similar configuration blocks can be added to define additional VLANs on the same physical interface.
If eth1 is also carrying "untagged" traffic then the default entry for eth1 (no suffix) should be retained.