Bering-uClibc 4.x - Developer Guide - Preparing the Build Environment
|Preparing the Build Environment|
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CPU & RAM
Compiling source code is a CPU- and RAM-intensive operation, so a reasonably powerful machine is advisable. Multiple CPU cores are a benefit, especially for compiling the build environment itself (the target GCC etc.).
x86 and x86_64 CPUs are supported for the build host.
Examples of build performance for "buildtool.pl build buildenv" (following a successful "buildtool.pl source buildenv" on a brand new build environment) are:
- 50 minutes
- Intel(R) Core(TM)2 CPU 6600 @ 2.40GHz (Dual Core) with 4GB DDR2 RAM, Fedora 14 (64-bit)
- 200 minutes
- Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 2.80GHz (Single Core) with 2GB SDRAM, Fedora 10 (32-bit)
A fully built development environment with all of the Bering-uClibc 4.x Packages and all of the kernel variants occupies more than 7.5 Gigabytes of disk space.
Assume that 8 Gigabytes are required.
The Bering-uClibc 4.x kernel and Packages can be built on any modern Linux distribution which has the necessary software development utilities installed. Examples of distributions which are known to work include:
- Fedora 10 (32-bit)
- Fedora 14 (64-bit)
- Fedora 15 (64-bit)
- Fails for Bering-uClibc 4.0; OK for 4.1 and above
The following are known not to work:
- Ubuntu 10 (64-bit)
- Ubuntu 11.04
Required Software on the Build Host
- All of the "build" utilities (buildtool, buildpackage, buildimage) are written in Perl and require Perl version 5.6 or higher.
- In addition there is a requirement for the Config::General Perl module which is not part of most standard Perl installations. On distributions which use the "yum" package manager (Red Hat, Fedora etc.) the required RPM can usually be installed with:
yum install perl-Config-General
- Furthermore, the
buildimage.plutility relies on the Date::Format Perl module which is part of the TimeDate Perl package and can be installed with a command like:
yum install perl-TimeDate
- On distributions which use the "dpkg" package manager (Debian, Ubuntu etc.) the required packages can usually be installed with:
aptitude install libconfig-general-perl libdatetime-perl
- LEAF currently uses CVS for source code version control, so the cvs utility is required.
- CVS is now being replaced by Git so the git utility is required as well as / instead of cvs.
- The patch utility is required to apply patches to upstream source distributions.
- There is no longer a requirement to use GCC version 3. GCC version 4 (e.g. 18.104.22.168) works well.
- Note: For Ubuntu 11.11 you'll need to install gcc-multilib
- Required for the makeinfo utility used for some compilation steps, though the resulting .info files are not used.
- Required to build the (TBC) Package.
- Required to build the (TBC) Package.
- Required when building Packages and disk Images, avoiding the need to actually run as the root user on the build host.
In addition, the following RPM or similar packages are also required on the build host but are normally a standard part of the base Linux distribution:
- binutils (for command strip)
- bzip2 (for command bzcat)
- cpio (for generating initrd.lrp)
- gzip (for a gzip-compatible zcat)
SourceForge User Account
Cloning the Git Repository
The first step in building Bering-uClibc 4.x from source is therefore to copy or "clone" the Git repository hosted by SourceForge. Further information on using Git can be found in Appendix Hints and Tips for using Git SCM but the basic steps are as follows:
- Change to the directory where you wish to do your Bering-uClibc 4.x development.
- Run the following command, replacing USERNAME with your SourceForge username:
git clone ssh://USERNAME@leaf.git.sourceforge.net/gitroot/leaf/bering-uclibcNote that this will take some time to run, since it has to download the build toolchain source as well as the source for most of the Bering-uClibc 4.x Packages.
- Change directory to the
bering-uclibcdirectory. This is the "buildtool root" directory used as the working directory for subsequent commands.
Building the Build environment
With the source code for the build toolchain downloaded this now has to be compiled for your build host. Run the following command:
./buildtool.pl build buildenv
This will take some considerable time.
Build messages, including any errors, are written to file
log/buildtoollog so you may wish to run the following command in another shell window to keep track of progress:
tail -f log/buildtoollog