Bering-uClibc 7.x - User Guide - Advanced Topics - Setting Up a Dynamic DNS Client with ddclient
|Advanced Topics - Setting Up a Dynamic DNS Client with ddclient|
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ddclient is a Perl client used to update dynamic DNS entries for accounts on Dynamic DNS Network Services' free DNS service.
Supported features include: operating as a daemon, manual and automatic updates, static and dynamic updates, optimized updates for multiple addresses, MX, wildcards, abuse avoidance, retrying failed updates, and sending update status to syslog and through e-mail.
Amongst the supported dynamic DNS services are:
- DynDNS.com www.dyndns.com
- Hammernode www.hn.org
- Zoneedit www.zoneedit.com
- EasyDNS www.easydns.com
- NameCheap www.namecheap.com
- ConCont www.dydns.za.net
- DnsPark www.dnspark.com
- DslReports www.dslreports.com
- Sitelutions www.sitesolutions.com
- Loopia www.loopia.se
- FreeDNS FreeDNS.afraid.org
- duckdns www.duckdns.org
Have a look at sourceforge.net/p/ddclient/wiki/protocols/ for a complete list of supported dynamic DNS services and advice how to configure
ddclient for the supported services.
ddclient during boot, add
ddclient.lrp to the list of packages in
You can run
ddclient either in daemon mode or from cron to update your IP address at a given dynamic DNS service. If you have a PPP connection/or DHCP connection, that changes frequently, you can also update the IP address calling a script from
dhclient-exit-hooks etc.. Sample scripts to start with, are provided in the sources of
The example given below makes the assumptions to use a cron-based approach, to change the IP address for the dynamic DNS serve
freedns.afraid.org. While this setup has been tested successfully and fit the authors need, it has the downside, that updates of the IP address after boot has a time lag of <math>(cron intervall*2)</math> after booting up the router and <math>(cron intervall-x)</math> if the address changes. If you need an immediate update, you'll have to investigate the daemon mode and/or scripts, that take care of updating your IP address, whenever it changes.
Everyone is invited to improve this documentaton with his/her findings - just contact us.
You can edit the
ddclient configuration files through the package configuration menu:
ddclient configuration files 1) ddclient configuration 2) ddclient cron entry q) quit --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Selection:
ddclient configuration in
/etc/ddclient/ddclient.conf (for a PPP connection to the Internet in this case) looks like this:
syslog=yes # log update msgs to syslog use=if, if=ppp0 server=freedns.afraid.org protocol=freedns login=your-login-name password=foobar YourDomain #example.freedns.org
ddclient cron entry:
*/10 * * * * root /usr/sbin/ddclient -daemon=0 -syslog -quiet retry
The cron intervall has been set to run
ddclient every ten minutes in no-daemon mode, log to syslog if the IP address of the interface
if, named in
/etc/ddclient/ddclient.conf has changed. And if so, it will update the IP address of your dynamic DNS service.
You need to add a rule to allow accessing port 80 from your firewall on the net zone to make ddclient work. Therefore add to /etc/shorewall/rules
HTTP/ACCEPT fw net
Don't forget to save your configuration with lrcfg -> s!
https://sourceforge.net/p/ddclient/wiki/usage explains the available configuration options for
https://sourceforge.net/p/ddclient/wiki/protocols documents how to use
ddclient with otherdynamic DNS services.